October 28, 2019



Nia Rennix

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Metformin is a prescription used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. It belongs to a class of drugs called biguanides. Individuals with type 2 diabetes have blood sugar levels that increase higher than usual. Metformin does not cure diabetes. It helps to lower your blood glucose levels into a safe selection. It can be used long-term depending upon the condition of the patient. Metformin can cause severe and mild unwanted effects, which would be the same for women and men.

Mechanism of Working

When you have diabetes you eliminate the ability to utilise the insulin you will need to avoid the meals. If you eat sugar or carbohydrate which can not be metabolised from the insulin you produce, your glucose levels will be higher. Metformin and medication in that class will help your body better metabolise that food so that insulin amounts are going to have the ability to remain more consistent.

Uses of Metformin

Metformin is permitted by the U.S. (FDA) as a recommended medication to treat diabetes. This medicine is used to reduce hepatic glucose production, to decrease GI glucose absorption. Metformin can be used with a suitable diet plan and exercise plan, lifestyle modifications and maybe with different drugs to control high blood glucose. According to study, metformin will help some individuals get rid of weight. However, it is not clear why metformin can lead to weight loss. One theory is that it may prompt you to consume less by dropping your hunger. It may also alter the way your body stores and uses fat.


The typical dose for adults with diabetes begins with 500 milligrams (one pill) one–two times daily, increased gently as tolerated to 1.5–2 grams per day in divided doses. The best treatment is 3g per day in divided doses. The physician will usually start you on a shallow dose and increase the dose slowly, based upon your blood glucose level. It permits your body to get accustomed to the medication and reduces undesirable side effects.

Side Effects of Metformin

Most common side effects of metformin include:

  • Bodily weakness
  • Infection
  • Nausea
  • Pain in chest
  • Gastric problems
  • Symptoms of fatigue, muscle strain
  • Upper respiratory tract disease
  • Low blood glucose
  • Abdominal pain, Lactic acidosis
  • Deficiency of vitamin B-12

If stomach symptoms appear after taking a dose for several days or weeks, then consult your doctor straight away. Many people do not experience any side effects after using metformin. Metformin does not usually induce low blood glucose. Low blood glucose may occur if this drug is prescribed with other diabetes medications.

Drug Interaction

Metformin is the only medicine from the biguanides class of bloodstream glucose-lowering drugs accepted by the U.S.Medication interactions may alter the way your drugs operate or increase your risk for severe side effects. This record does not include all potential drug interactions. Maintain a listing of all of the products that you use such as prescription/nonprescription medications and herbal remedies) and discuss it with your healthcare provider and pharmacist. Can not begin, stop, or change the dose of any medicines without your doctor’s approval.

Precautionary measures

Before choosing this medicine, tell your healthcare provider if you are allergic to metformin. This item could contain inactive ingredients, which may lead to allergic reactions or other issues. Speak with your pharmacist for additional information. Before using this medicine, tell your physician or pharmacist your medical history, especially, acute breathing issues, for instance, obstructive lung disorder, severe asthma, haematological issues kidney disorder, liver disease. Whenever you are taking this medicine, it is important that your healthcare professional know if you are using any other prescription.

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